CBD is short for cannabidiol. This is one of the many phytocannabinoids (cannabinoids derived from plants) found in all Cannabis species – and mostly, only from Cannabis. The CBD Oil that is sold today comes almost exclusively from flax – plants that are genetically and chemically different from cannabis plants. Hemp and cannabis are cousins – they are also legally different plants and are now treated as different plants by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Phytocannabinoids – which include CBD and THC that produce “high” (Tetrahydrocannabinol) – are plant substances that are believed to be natural plant defenses against stress caused by infections and damage caused by insects, bacteria, viruses and fungi and as a defense against solar UV radiation. and dehydration.
Basically, phytocannabinoids protect plants against biological and environmental stress. Phytocannabinoids are produced and stored in plant structures called glandular trichomes that are found mainly in plant leaves.
The evidence that this biochemical system is important lies in the fact that it developed more than 500 million years ago and is present in all vertebrate organisms – that is. those who have a backbone.
CBD – and other phytocannabinoids – bind to the endocannabinoid system receptors to produce various effects.
Think of receptors as keys and phytocannabinoids like CBD as keys. Not every key matches every key – and if the key (or ligand as it is technically known) does not match, the key (receptor) won’t open – and in this case, not getting locked means the winning receptor can be activated.
On the other hand, if the key is not right, the key is opened, and the receptor is activated to do what is supposed to be done.
Research is really in the earliest stages, but CBD has been found to have a variety of effects including:
– Pain reliever
– Make sleep easier
– Neuroprotective substances